Many of the articles below are available for download in PDF format. Just click on the article title to begin the download.

The Image of God in Ecological Perspective.” Chap. 20 in The Oxford Handbook of the Bible and Ecology, ed. by Mark Harris and Hilary Marlow (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022), 284–298.

“A New Earth Perspective.” Chap. 2 in Four Views on Heaven, ed. Michael Wittmer, Counterpoints: Bible and Theology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2022), 65–94. Chapters by John Feinberg, J. Richard Middleton, Michael Allen, and Peter Kreeft. With responses to other essays.

Beyond Eurocentrism: A Future for Canadian Biblical Studies.” Canadian-American Theological Review 10.1 (2021): 1–24. Canadian Society of Biblical Studies 2021 presidential address.

The Genesis Creation Accounts.” Chap. 1 in T&T Clark Handbook of Christian Theology and the Modern Sciences, ed. by John P. Slattery (London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2020), 15–31.

The Blessing of Abraham and the Missio Dei: Reframing the Purpose of Israel’s Election in Genesis 12:1–3.” Chap. 4 in Orthodoxy and Orthopraxis: Essays in Tribute to Paul Livermore, ed. by Douglas R. Cullum and J. Richard Middleton (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2020), 44–64.

Orthodox Theology, Ulterior Motives in Samuel’s Farewell Speech? The Characterization of the Prophet in 1 Samuel 12.” Chap. 6 in Characters and Characterization in the Book of Samuel, ed. Keith Bodner and Benjamin J. M. Johnson (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 669; London: T&T Clark, 2020), 76–100.

The Inclusive Vision of Isaiah 56 and Contested Ethical Practices in Scripture and the Church: Toward a Canonical Hermeneutic of Discernment.” Canadian-American Theological Review 6.1 (2017): 40–70.

From Primal Harmony to a Broken World: Distinguishing God’s Intent for Life from the Encroachment of Death in Genesis 2–3.” Chap. 7 in Earnest: Interdisciplinary Work Inspired by the Life and Teachings of Benjamin Titus Roberts, ed. by Andrew C. Koehl and David Basinger (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2017), 145–73.

A Psalm against David? A Canonical Reading of Psalm 51 as a Critique of David’s Inadequate Repentance in 2 Samuel 12.” Chap. 2 in Explorations in Interdisciplinary Reading: Theological, Exegetical, and Reception-Historical Perspectives, ed. by Robbie F. Castleman, Darian R. Lockett, and Stephen O. Presley (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2017), 26–45.

Does God Come to Bury Job or to Praise Him? The Significance of YHWH’s Second Speech from the Whirlwind.” St. Mark’s Review no. 239 (March 2017): 1-27. Published with a response essay by Jeanette Mathews, “God Comes to Job.”

Reading Genesis 3 Attentive to Human Evolution: Beyond Concordism and Non-Overlapping Magisteria.” Chap. 4 in Evolution and the Fall, ed. by William T. Cavanaugh and James K. A. Smith (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2017), 67–97.

God’s Loyal Opposition: Psalmic and Prophetic Protest as a Paradigm for Faithfulness in the Hebrew Bible.” Canadian-American Theological Review 5.1 (2016): 51–65.

“Islands in the Sun: Overtures to a Caribbean Creation Theology.” In Islands, Islanders, and the Bible: Ruminations, ed. by Jione Havea, Margaret Aymer, and Steed Vernyl Davidson (Semeia Studies 77; Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2015), 115–34.

Image of God.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology, vol. 2, ed. by Samuel E. Ballentine et al. (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), 516–23.

“The Role of Human Beings in the Cosmic Temple: The Intersection of Worldviews in Psalms 8 and 104.” Canadian Theological Review 2.1 (2013): 44-58.

“Samuel Agonistes: A Conflicted Prophet’s Resistance to God and Contribution to the Failure of Israel’s First King.” Chapter 4 in Prophets, Prophecy, and Ancient Israelite Historiography, ed. by Mark. J. Boda and Lissa M. Wray Beal (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbraums, 2013), 69-91.

“Islands in the Sun: Overtures to a Caribbean Creation Theology.” In A Kairos Moment for Caribbean Theology: Ecumenical Voices in Dialogue, ed. by J. Richard Middleton and Garnett Roper (Eugene, OR: Pickwick 2013), 79–95.

“Image of God.” In Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics, ed. by Joel Green, Jacqueline Lapsley, Rebekah Miles, and Allen Verhey (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2011), 394-97.

“Salvation.” In the New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 5, ed. by Katharine Doob Sakenfeld et al. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2009). 45–61. Coauthored with Michael J. Gorman.

“Violence.” In the New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 5, ed. by Katharine Doob Sakenfeld et al. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2009). 783–84.

“From the Clenched Fist to the Open Hand: A Postmodern Reading of the Twenty-Third Psalm.” In The Strategic Smorgasbord of Postmodernity: Literature and the Christian Critic, ed. by Deborah C. Bowen (Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007), 307–25.

“A New Heaven and a New Earth: The Case for a Holistic Reading of the Biblical Story of Redemption.” Journal for Christian Theological Research, vol. 11 (2006): 73–97. Published online: <;

“Created in the Image of a Violent God? The Ethical Problem of the Conquest of Chaos in Biblical Creation Texts.” Interpretation 58/4 (2004): 341–55.

“The Battle Belongs to the Word: The Role of Theological Discourse in David’s Victory over Saul and Goliath in 1 Samuel 17.” In The Hermeneutics of Charity: Interpretation, Selfhood, and Postmodern Faith, ed. by James K. A. Smith and Henry Isaac Venema (Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2004), 109–131.

“Creation Founded in Love: Breaking Rhetorical Expectations in Genesis 1:1-2:3.” In Sacred Texts, Secular Times: The Hebrew Bible in the Modern World, ed. by Leonard Jay Greenspoon and Bryan F. LeBeau (Studies in Jewish Civilization 10; Omaha: Creighton University Press, 2000), 47–85.

“Identity and Subversion in Babylon: Strategies for ‘Resisting Against the System’ in the Music of Bob Marley and the Wailers.” Chapter 9 in Religion, Culture and Tradition in the Caribbean, ed. by Hemchand Gossai and N. Samuel Murrell (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000), 181-204.

“Curiosity Killed the Cat (Or, the Outrageous Hope of Reformational Scholarship and Practice).” In Perspective, 32/4 (December 1998): i–iv.

“Why the ‘Greater Good’ Isn’t a Defense: Classical Theodicy in Light of the Biblical Genre of Lament.” Koinonia vol. 9, nos. 1&2 (Fall 1997): 81–113. Winner of the annual Fall essay competition of the Princeton Graduate Theological Forum. Published with five response essays.

“On Reading Texts in a Postmodern Time: A Response to Douglas Harink,” Canadian Evangelical Review (Fall 1996). Co-authored with Brian Walsh. An invited response to a book review of Middleton and Walsh’s Truth Is Stranger Than It Used to Be: Biblical Faith in a Postmodern Age (1995).

“Parables of Compassion and Judgement: Opening Meditations for a Creation-Order Tradition.” In An Ethos of Compassion and the Integrity of Creation, ed. by Brian J. Walsh, Hendrik Hart and Robert E. Vander Vennen (Lanham, MD, New York and London: University Press of America, 1995), 4–16.

“Facing the Postmodern Scalpel: Can the Christian Faith Withstand Deconstruction?” Chapter 7 in Christian Apologetics in the Postmodern World, ed. by Timothy R. Phillips and Dennis L. Okholm (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1995). Co-authored with Brian Walsh.

“Voices from the Ragged Edge: How the Psalms Can Help Us Process Pain.” Canadian Theological Society Newsletter/Communiqué de la société théologique canadienne 14/1 (November 1994): 4–7. Reprinted in Perspective 29/1 (March 1995): 4-5.

“Is Creation Theology Inherently Conservative? A Dialogue with Walter Brueggemann.” Harvard Theological Review 87/3 (1994): 257–277. Published with Brueggemann’s “Response to J. Richard Middleton,” 279–289.

“The Liberating Image? Interpreting the Imago Dei in Context.” Christian Scholar’s Review 24 (1994): 8–25.

“Let’s Put Herod Back into Christmas.” The Catalyst 16/8-9 (Nov-Dec, 1993).  Awarded first prize by the Canadian Church Press for best “Theological Reflection—Inspirational.” Reprinted in the Hamilton Spectator, December 22, 1993, the London Free Press, December 17, 1994, the Menonite Brethren Herald, December 1994, theCanada Lutheran, December 1994, the Prairie Messenger, December 1994, the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, December 20, 1998, and Roberts Today (alumni magazine of Roberts Wesleyan College), Winter 2004.

“Theology at the Rim of a Broken Wheel: Bruce Cockburn and Christian Faith in a Postmodern World.” Grail: An Ecumenical Journal 9/2 (June 1993): 15–39. Co-authored with Brian Walsh.

“Are Christians Other-Worldly?” In Exploring Apologetics: Selected Readings (Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Schools International, 1992). Reprint of Myth #5 from Carkner, Gruning, Middleton and Toombs, Ten Myths About Christianity (rev. ed., 1984).

“Dancing in the Dragon’s Jaws: Imaging God at the End of the Twentieth Century.” Crux 2/3 (Spring 1992): 11–18. Co-authored with Brian Walsh.

Ten Myths About Christianity. Privately published booklet on apologetics, 1983. Rev. ed. 1984 accompanied by a ten-poster display set. Co-authored with Gordon Carkner, Herb Gruning and Bruce Toombs. Distributed in North America through Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship and worldwide through the International Fellowship of Evangelical Students.